Complex therapy for varicose veins involves wearing special slimming products designed to maintain the necessary venous tone. Varicose tights and stockings can be prescribed for both regular and temporary use.
The principle of operation of varicose veins
The main goal that doctors follow when prescribing compression stockings for varicose veins is to reduce the manifestations of venous insufficiency and the symptoms of the disease. They have the following effects on the body:
- decrease in the diameter of deep saphenous and superficial veins;
- significant reduction in blood return in case of valve failure;
- increased blood flow through the vessels;
- accelerating lymphatic drainage;
- increasing the ability of the blood to dissolve blood clots;
- reduction in the severity of small veins and capillaries;
- reduces the permeability of the vessel wall and consequently gets rid of edema;
- decrease in blood viscosity.
All of this leads, first of all, to the relief of the pain and other discomforts that accompany the varicose veins. Patients who regularly use elastic stockings for varicose veins note a significant reduction in leg swelling and limb lightness.
Indications for wearing compression products
Orthopedic products in the form of tights for varicose veins are not only used in severe manifestations of the disease. In addition, they are actively used:
- pregnancy - to prevent varicose veins if you have a hereditary predisposition;
- tendency to edema and leg fatigue after exercise;
- the preoperative and postoperative period to prevent the separation of blood clots when thrombosis is suspected;
- overweight (2-3 st. obesity);
- diagnosis of varicose veins (femoral and hip veins);
- trophic ulcers;
- induction (compression) of lower leg tissues due to varicose veins.
Anyone can wear compression stockings. It is especially useful for athletes and those who spend a lot of time on their feet. In addition, as a preventative measure, it is recommended to wear elastic stockings against varicose veins for individuals with a hereditary predisposition to this disease.
Who shouldn't wear compression clothes?
Some diabetics may not wear stockings and other products against varicose veins. This carries a high risk of developing diabetic ulcers. To avoid such complications, stockings should be carefully selected from leg varicose veins with an endocrinologist and phlebologist.
Because many products are made from synthetic materials, an allergic skin reaction is possible. Patients with dermatitis and hives need to choose only natural fiber.
Atherosclerosis is also a contraindication to wearing compression clothing. This is due to the fact that compression of the veins can cause complete blockage of blood flow in the blood vessels and damage to tissue nutrition. As a result, necrotic processes develop in the lower extremities.
Compression stockings can also be harmful in case of heart failure when the heart cannot withstand the load. If you increase blood flow to the organ, it can lead to an attack of angina pectoris or acute coronary syndrome.
Depending on the severity of the varicose veins and the purpose of the treatment, the following four groups of compression garments are distinguished.
Compression class 1 is characterized by a force of 15-20 mmHg on the ankle. It is used to prevent varicose veins. It is recommended for people who are prone to evening edema, the presence of telangiectasias in the limbs and reticular veins. Pregnancy is another indication for the use of first-class compression clothing.
The pressure of the second class compression stockings is 23-32 mmHg. These products are used during pregnancy, if necessary, to prevent deep vein thrombosis. In addition, it is possible to use Class 2 after surgery to remove veins and in acute thrombophlebitis.
The third class of compression is used for complicated varicose veins, which are:
- trophic ulcers,
- venous thrombosis,
- post-thrombophlebitis disease,
- venous and lymphatic insufficiency.
This type of underwear puts 34-46 mmHg pressure on the blood vessels.
The last, fourth compression class (pressure above 49 mmHg) can only be prescribed in extreme cases when there are congenital abnormalities of the venous system. These products should usually be ordered as instructed by your healthcare professional.
Even though there are fairly strict criteria for wearing compression stockings, you need to pay attention to your feelings. Initially, the pain may increase, but disappear quickly after wearing the product. The criterion for properly selected bedding is the absence of edema in the evening. Stockings need to have a number of other features, including:
- aesthetic appearance,
- lack of seams,
- compression should be relieved from ankle to thigh (100-40%).
In the presence of a combination of these criteria and the correctly selected compression class, we can expect effective treatment of varicose veins.
What do you need to know about the size of orthopedic underwear?
Every patient with a problematic vein should know how to choose compression stockings for varicose veins. Once the specialist has informed you of the required compression class, you should begin studying the dimensions. These depend on the following parameters:
- Shoe size,
- ankle circumference,
- the radius of the widest part of the lower leg,
- knee circumference,
- thigh radius 5 cm below the lower leg.
Based on this, there are 7 sizes of compression underwear. For convenience, some companies have reduced this number to 4 (S, M, L, XL). Venoteks, for example, uses just such a gradient.
Depending on the type of product, only the areas that are contracted by the fabric should be measured. For example, golf does not require the dimensions of the circumference of the thigh, but only the size of the shoe, the radius of the ankle and lower leg.
The best time to take measurements is in the morning before your feet touch the floor. In this case, it is advisable to keep the limbs above body level. This may require outside help.
The parameters are entered in the table. Furthermore, after the patient has recorded their data, it compares it with the canvas size table and selects the desired option.
Rules for dressing in compression stockings
In order for varicose veins expensive orthopedic stockings to last a long time, pick them up and take them off properly. Before using compression garments for the first time, cut and file your nails and toenails. If you plan to wear it daily, it is best to buy special application accessories. Other rules for the use of varicose veins are as follows:
- "Dusting" the feet with talcum powder in hot weather and increased sweating;
- the need to ensure that there are no wrinkles in the tissue;
- treat the skin (especially the heel area) where there is roughness so that the foot can easily pass through the entire length of the product;
- do not use creams and ointments before putting on stockings;
- if a loop appears on the product, do not cut it.
Generally, when used regularly, the products do not last more than 6 months. This is guaranteed by observing the rules for wearing and storing the product, which are indicated on the packaging.
In the morning, you should wear compression stockings while lying in bed without taking a single step. To do this, select the socks and collect the rest of the product in an accordion. As the fabric progresses, the shoots should be straightened until the edge of the stocking touches the thigh. Use a mirror to check for wrinkles. If the size is right, the application process should not be a big problem.
Varicose veins bed care
The requirements for washing varicose veins vary depending on the composition of the fibers. The basic rules for caring for bed linen are as follows:
- the washing must be carried out separately,
- use of low water temperature (up to 50 degrees),
- use of gentle cleansers without bleaching properties,
- hand washing is preferred,
- dries out from direct heat and sunlight sources.
Following these simple rules will allow the product to last for 3-6 months, after which you will need to purchase a new one. It is better to buy 2-3 pairs of tights from the varicose veins immediately so that we can replace them if necessary.