Varicose veins are characterized by insufficiency of the valve device, leading to an increase in the lumen of the blood vessels, a thinning of the venous walls, and damage to blood circulation. You need to make lifestyle changes to prevent the development of trophic ulcers and thrombophlebitis. For treatment to be successful, you need to know the contraindications for varicose veins and avoid them in every way possible. Moderate physical activity, refusal of strength sports, and unhealthy foods are measures to stop the disease from progressing.
Be sure to wear appropriate clothing and shoes. Be sure to study the limitations when taking medications. Preventive measures should be followed during medication and throughout life. This approach allows you to cope with varicose veins and prevent the development of complications.
Main Contraindications to Varicose Veins
There are a number of restrictions that must be followed to achieve the expected effect of the treatment:
- Taking hormonal medications without a prescription.Hormone-containing drugs thicken the blood, increasing the risk of blood clots. If contraception is needed, medications should be low-dose. An alternative to contraceptives is a non-hormonal uterine spiral, a condom, or a cap.
- Bath treatments.The effect of heat increases the pressure on the capillaries. This can cause varicose veins to progress.
- Hot foot baths.High temperatures lead to a sharp dilation of the veins. Blood rushes more strongly to the heated area and increases blood flow. Despite the restoration of blood circulation, hot baths negatively affect the condition of venous structures, the walls of the vessels are damaged. As a result - thrombus separation, bleeding, thrombophlebitis or pulmonary embolism.
- Sunbathing.Visiting varicose veins on the beach or in the solarium is not recommended. It is not the UV rays themselves that are dangerous, but the overheating. Thermal exposure is associated with decreased tone of venous walls, increased permeability, and the appearance of edema. Excessive solar radiation progresses venous congestion and provokes venous overgrowth.
- Tattoos.Tattooing with dilated veins is strictly forbidden as it can cause serious complications. Thin vessels can be easily damaged, leading to an inflammatory process.
- Compresses.Only permitted as directed by a physician. Proper compression has a beneficial effect on the blood vessels and thins the lymph. It is unacceptable for ingredients to be used with individual intolerance.
- Laser hair removal.The laser cannot be used to remove varicose hair. It warms the skin and aggravates the course of the disease.
- Contrast shower.The temperature difference should be negligible. Otherwise, the veins will suffer.
- Hydromassage.The effects of strong water jets on varicose body parts are unacceptable in the decompensated phase of the disease, thrombophlebitis and ulcerative trophic lesions.
- Hot wraps.The procedure is accompanied by exposure to high temperatures on damaged venous structures, which negatively affects their condition and can cause severe complications in the form of blood clots. An alternative is a cold wrap that burns fats and restores vascular tone.
- Abortion.In case of varicose veins, the abortion procedure is a danger to a woman's life. It is especially dangerous to have an abortion with varicose veins in the pelvis.
- Laparoscopy.Surgical problems can be avoided if veins close to the skin are affected. Stretching of large vessels involves the risk of damage to the veins during minimally invasive surgery.
- Mud therapy.Restores vascular tone only in the early stages of varicose veins progression. The procedure is unacceptable for skin damage and trophic ulcers. The progressive form precludes mud therapy. Excessive dry skin is associated with severe vascular problems.
- Certain types of massage.Only active mechanical action in varicose veins is contraindicated, which can cause damage to blood vessels. A light massage has a positive effect on blood circulation.
- Self-healing.Any handling of varicose veins should be coordinated with your doctor. Stand-alone measures can have irreversible consequences.
- Smoking.Nicotine causes vasospasm, damaging the peripheral circulation. Venous spasm is accompanied by a deterioration in the microcirculation of fluid, which manifests itself in the form of acrocyanosis. The veins swell, become very noticeable, get a bluish-purple hue. The lumen of the blood vessels decreases, leading to an increase in blood pressure, which aggravates the course of the varicose veins.
What are contraindicated in different stages of varicose veins
Each stage of the disease has its own contraindications. Phlebologists recommend that you do not neglect the advice of professionals. Otherwise, the surgery should be done much faster.
The limits of varicose veins are as follows:
- Absolutely.A categorical ban on certain types of treatments, hormonal medications, and mechanical effects in areas affected by varicose veins.
- Relative.Restrictions based on the stage and nature of the disease.
In severe forms of varicose veins (stages 4 and 5 of progression), the number of contraindications increases, with stricter requirements for the patient. It is imperative to follow the recommendations, otherwise we will spend much more time healing.
Contraindications in the early stages of varicose veins
- Non-prohibited sports of varicose veins are walking, swimming, cycling and golf.
- Relative readings for fitness, training equipment, dancing, jogging.
- Jumping, running for a while, intense squats, weightlifting, moves are completely restricted in the vein.
- Only a rowing machine or a recumbent bike can be used for cardio.
- Sport and progressive varicose veins are incompatible.
- Excessive force and static exercises are not allowed.
- Lying or sitting exercises are allowed.
- If a vein is damaged, ice packs should be applied to the affected area and a doctor should be consulted.
- If the lymph outflow worsens, you can only do physiotherapy exercises.
- Compression stockings should be worn during exercise.
- Varicose veins with edema and itching should be stopped completely. Otherwise, the disease will progress faster.
- Any physical activity is contraindicated in case of loss of limb sensitivity. Only light gymnastic exercises to restore blood circulation are allowed.
- In case of numbness, a light massage and a contrast shower are allowed.
Contraindicated for grade 2 varicose veins accompanied by pain: sports dance, aerobics and long distance running. In stage 3 of the disease, only complexes of stretching, jogging, walking, yoga, and swimming are allowed. You can visit the gym without lifting weights. Medicines that increase blood pressure, medicines to narrow blood vessels and tablets that increase the viscosity of the blood are prohibited.
Progressive varicose veins
Sport and progressive varicose veins are incompatible. During this period, excessive force loads and static practices are unacceptable. Only exercises while lying down or sitting are allowed.
A ruptured vein is a serious problem that requires special attention. Any physical activity involving varicose veins is unacceptable in this case. An ice pack should be placed on the injured venous area and a doctor should be consulted.
Itching and swelling
If lymph outflow deteriorates, you should perform physiotherapy exercises only with the mandatory use of compression stockings. Other sports associated with varicose veins with edema and itching are contraindicated. Otherwise, the disease will progress faster.
Numbness in the legs
Any physical activity is prohibited in case of loss of limb sensitivity. Only light gymnastic exercises aimed at restoring circulatory processes are allowed. A light massage and a contrast shower may be helpful.
Pain combined with grade 2 varicose veins prohibits sports dancing, aerobics, and long distance running. They can be replaced by stretching, jogging, walking, yoga or swimming. When practicing in the gym, you should rule out weight lifting exercises.
Do not take medicines that increase blood pressure. Taking medications for unacceptable vasoconstriction and tablets to stimulate blood viscosity.
Physical activity with varicose veins
Possible or even necessary for varicose veins. But physical activity should be treated with caution.
Yoga is one of the most beneficial sports for varicose veins in the legs
Varicose veins are the most beneficial yoga that can prevent the development of the disease and completely get rid of the damage by restoring the venous structures. Gentle physical activity improves blood circulation, relieves tension and increases vascular flexibility.
Yoga is essential in the early stages of varicose veins. Classes are unacceptable, prone to thrombosis, heart disease, stages 4 and 5 of varicose veins.
Useful for varicose veins and fitness. It is recommended that the exercises be performed under the supervision of a coach. Properly done exercises will stop the progression of the disease and help in the definitive healing of varicose veins.
To support damaged venous structures, it is recommended to wear compression stockings that effectively relieve leg tension. The purpose of fitness classes is the outflow of biological fluid from the lower extremities. You should keep an eye on your well-being for hours.
Jogging is only useful in uncomplicated forms of the disease after consultation with a phlebologist or surgeon. Due to the active contractile activity of caviar muscles, blood movement in the deep vein system of the lower extremities is improved. The load is removed from the surface blood vessels that have undergone abnormal lesions, which helps to slow the progression of venous insufficiency.
You may want to refrain from running after acute thrombophlebitis of the legs, with signs of a chronic form of the disease, and for a year after phlebothrombosis. Exercise is an absolute contraindication to severe edema and severe pain in the lower extremities. Vibration in this case can cause detachment of existing blood clots or inflammation in the vein.
Dumbbell lifting and varicose veins are incompatible concepts. Varicose veins are categorically contraindicated. Patients can lift up to 4 kg, so fitness training should be discontinued.
When lifting the barbell, the tension is too high on the veins. With venous pathologies, this exacerbates the situation, provoking disease progression.
Stepped aerobics require excessive physical activity, which is unacceptable for varicose veins. This sport is essential as a preventative measure as it allows you to maintain muscle tone and effectively burns extra pounds.
Shock loading is dangerous because it causes trauma to the venous walls. There is a risk of blood clots coming off, leading to irreversible processes in the body.
Jump training is allowed if performed correctly. Varicose veins should be administered. Regular exercise helps you lose weight. Varicose sports train the muscles of all groups, allowing blood to circulate more easily through the blood vessels. This significantly reduces swelling and heaviness in the legs.
Rope jumping is strictly prohibited in severe stages of varicose veins accompanied by vascular thrombosis. The absolute contraindications are cardiovascular problems.
Prohibited foods for varicose veins
It is recommended that all types of varicose veins be rejected. Diet does not help get rid of the disease, but prevents the progression of pathological changes in venous structures.
In case of varicose veins, the following foods should not be consumed:
- Fried.Provokes the accumulation of bad cholesterol in the body, causing swelling of the lower extremities. The legs begin to ache, the size of the veins increases in the background of damage to the blood circulation.
- Sweet.Fast carbohydrates cause weight gain, which negatively affects the condition of the cardiovascular system. Sugar promotes extravascular fluid storage and fat deposition.
- Bold.It fills the body with cholesterol, a thickening blood that is harder to move into the heart through deformed and weak veins, making the varicose veins worse.
- Flour.We recommend limiting the consumption of bakery products. Otherwise, the vessels in the legs will be subjected to increased stress and aggravate the course of the varicose veins.
- Alcoholic beverages.Alcohol is unacceptable in venous lesions, contrary to popular belief that alcohol has a positive effect on blood flow. Ethyl alcohol promotes short-term vasodilation, which is replaced by prolonged convulsions. The delicate veins are damaged and bleed.
- Salty food.Salt retains fluid in the body, forming edema. The load on the vascular bed increases, leading to the progression of the disease.
- Spicy food.It has a negative effect on the condition of the veins, leading to swelling of the lower extremities in case of excessive consumption.
- Chicory.A harmless coffee substitute thins the blood and promotes vasodilation, which is already thinning. The risk of developing internal bleeding increases significantly.
- Celery.It is not recommended to use a useful dietary plant for venous pathologies. Chicory has a similar effect.
- Coffee.Reduces intestinal peristalsis and thickens blood. In case of varicose veins, the amount of coffee per day should be reduced to 1 cup.
- Spices.Hot spices and condiments that contain a lot of salt and flavor enhancers should be excluded from the diet.
- Soda.Lemonade is low in nutrients. Excessive carbon dioxide damages blood vessels.
In case of varicose veins, it is forbidden to include foods high in cholesterol in the diet: sausages, semi-finished products, canned food, hard cheeses and offal. Such foods negatively affect the heart and blood vessels.
What to eat for varicose veins
Varicose veins can increase the effectiveness of drug therapy. The diet will be the same for all disease types. Proper foods strengthen blood vessel walls, reduce blood viscosity, relieve swelling, combat obesity and restore bowel function.
In case of varicose veins, the following foods should be included in the diet:
- Nuts.Contains vitamin E. Tocopherol is a powerful antioxidant that protects cell membranes from damage.
- Fruit.Contains a lot of ascorbic acid. Vitamin C strengthens venous walls, reduces blood viscosity and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
- Lean meat and fish.Contains zinc and omega-3 fatty acids to prevent vascular damage. They remove cholesterol from the body and normalize blood viscosity.
- Cereals.Contains bioflavonoids that improve capillary elasticity and silicon, which strengthens blood vessel walls.
- Chicken eggs.You can consume up to 1 egg yolk per day. It is involved in the process of hematopoiesis and normalizes blood viscosity.
- Natural teas and juices.Contains antioxidants and vitamins. This is a great alternative to carbonated drinks.
Contraindications to hirudotherapy
The healing effect of leeches is due to the fact that hirudin gets into varicose veins, a special substance found in the saliva of an annelid worm. Hirudin is an anticoagulant that thins the blood and prevents it from clotting. Leech saliva effectively suppresses thrombin, the enzyme responsible for clotting. Additional components administered by the leech during bites are effective in relieving swelling.
If hirudotherapy is performed regularly, the dissolution of small blood clots and the normalization of swollen veins should be noted. Doctors do not recommend using this treatment alone. An integrated approach combined with medication and a healthy lifestyle is needed to achieve the desired result.
Hirudotherapy is contraindicated in the following cases:
- Climate.Leeches can be harmful during menopause. The procedure is only allowed for women with normal blood clotting rates. It is recommended that appropriate tests be performed prior to hirudotherapy.
- Pregnancy.During pregnancy, the female body needs increased iron intake. With hirudotherapy, its amount is reduced, which can lead to the development of pathologies.
- Iron deficiency anemia. Even a small amount of blood can make a patient worse.
- Hypotension.Low blood pressure alone causes breakdown. With hirudotherapy, lethargy and apathy increase.
- Blood clotting problems.Leeches directly affect the processes of hematopoiesis, therefore hirudotherapy is contraindicated in this case.
- Oncology.Leeches should only be placed over cancerous tumors to avoid the "amplification phenomenon". In other cases, hirudotherapy is not contraindicated.
- Critical days.Additional blood loss during menstruation is not recommended as it may worsen the patient's varicose veins.
- It is recommended to lie down or sit for varicose veins.
- After finishing your workout, you should lie down with your legs raised for a while.
- In the case of varicose veins, physical activity is only allowed with the use of compression stockings, which restore blood circulation and exclude vasodilation.
- Drink enough fluids during exercise to prevent dehydration.
- Dieting should help you normalize your weight to reduce the excessive pressure on your veins to put on extra pounds.
- The diet should be based on vegetables, fruits and grains.
- Varicose veins should be completely eliminated.
- A physiologically complete diet is prescribed for a long time and can be modified depending on the improvement or deterioration of the general condition.
In case of varicose veins, the patient's lifestyle changes. It is necessary to constantly monitor the phlebologist and to perform regular drug therapy. An important aspect is the constant control of the diet, with the categorical exclusion of all junk food. Prohibited foods against varicose veins reduce the effectiveness of medication.
Varicose veins are only allowed in the initial stages of disease progression. If the course of the disease is complex, excessive physical exertion should be avoided. Only physiotherapy, yoga and fitness are allowed.
Adherence to all contraindications allows improvement in only 50% of patients. The other patients are sent for surgery. Varicose veins are easier to prevent than drastic measures to avoid the development of serious complications.